Titlebar

Export bibliographic data
Literature by the same author
plus on the publication server
plus at Google Scholar

 

Identification and quantification of macro- and microplastics on an agricultural farmland

DOI zum Zitieren dieses Dokuments: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36172-y
URN to cite this document: urn:nbn:de:bvb:703-epub-4245-3

Title data

Piehl, Sarah ; Leibner, Anna ; Löder, Martin ; Dris, Rachid ; Bogner, Christina ; Laforsch, Christian:
Identification and quantification of macro- and microplastics on an agricultural farmland.
In: Scientific Reports. Vol. 2018 (18 December 2018) Issue 8 . - No. 17950.
ISSN 2045-2322
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36172-y

[img] PDF
s41598-018-36172-y.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons BY 4.0: Attribution .

Download (1MB)

Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
Open Access PublizierenNo information

Abstract

Microplastic contamination of aquatic ecosystems is a high priority research topic, whereas the issue on terrestrial ecosystems has been widely neglected. At the same time, terrestrial ecosystems under human influence, such as agroecosystems, are likely to be contaminated by plastic debris. However, the extent of this contamination has not been determined at present. Via Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis, we quantified for the first time the macro- and microplastic contamination on an agricultural farmland in southeast Germany. We found 206 macroplastic pieces per hectare and 0.34 ± 0.36 microplastic particles per kilogram dry weight of soil. In general, polyethylene was the most common polymer type, followed by polystyrene and polypropylene. Films and fragments were the dominating categories found for microplastics, whereas predominantly films were found for macroplastics. Since we intentionally chose a study site where microplastic-containing fertilizers and agricultural plastic applications were never used, our findings report on plastic contamination on a site which only receives conventional agricultural treatment. However, the contamination is probably higher in areas where agricultural plastic applications, like greenhouses, mulch, or silage films, or plastic-containing fertilizers (sewage sludge, biowaste composts) are applied. Hence, further research on the extent of this contamination is needed with special regard to different cultivation practices.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Keywords: macro- and microplastics; agricultural farmland
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Animal Ecology I > Chair Animal Ecology I - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christian Laforsch
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Ecological Modelling
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Animal Ecology I
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Language: English
Originates at UBT: Yes
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:703-epub-4245-3
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2019 15:50
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2019 09:02
URI: https://epub.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/4245

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year