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Challenges and opportunities of area-based conservation in reaching biodiversity and sustainability goals

DOI zum Zitieren der Version auf EPub Bayreuth: https://doi.org/10.15495/EPub_UBT_00006059
URN to cite this document: urn:nbn:de:bvb:703-epub-6059-4

Title data

Hoffmann, Samuel:
Challenges and opportunities of area-based conservation in reaching biodiversity and sustainability goals.
In: Biodiversity and Conservatian. Vol. 31 (2021) Issue 2 . - pp. 325-352.
ISSN 1572-9710
DOI der Verlagsversion: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-021-02340-2

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Abstract

Area-based conservation is essential to safeguard nature’s diversity. In view of expanding human land use, increasing climate change and unmet conservation targets, area-based conservation requires efficiency and effectiveness more than ever. In this review, I identify and relate pressing challenges to promising opportunities for effective and efficient protected area governance and management, to enhance research, decision-making and capacity building in area-based conservation under uncertain future developments. I reveal that protected area management is particularly challenged by human land use, climate change, invasive species, and social, political and economic limitations. Protected area management often lacks the continuous availability of data on current states and trends of nature and threats. Biocultural conservation, climate-smart management and biosecurity approaches help to overcome challenges induced by human needs, climate change and invasive species, respectively. Economic valuation and shifts in funding priorities can boost protected area effectiveness and efficiency. In-situ monitoring techniques, remote sensing and open data infrastructures can fill data and information gaps for protected area planning and management. Moreover, adaptive management is an auspicious concept in the framework of systematic conservation planning to ensure the enduring effectiveness of protected areas despite unpredictable future developments. Post-2020 international biodiversity and sustainable development goals could be met earlier if protected areas were more effective. I consequently conclude with the need for a global information system that is to support area-based conservation by synthesizing challenges and opportunities for protected area management effectiveness and efficiency at the local to global level.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Keywords: Protected area; Management effectiveness; Adaptive management; Systematic
conservation planning; Biodiversity targets; Sustainable development goals
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography > Chair Biogeography - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Carl Beierkuhnlein
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography
Language: English
Originates at UBT: Yes
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:703-epub-6059-4
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2022 07:40
Last Modified: 03 May 2022 09:49
URI: https://epub.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/6059

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