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The composition of subduction zone fluids and the origin of the trace element enrichment in arc magmas

DOI zum Zitieren der Version auf EPub Bayreuth: https://doi.org/10.15495/EPub_UBT_00005852
URN to cite this document: urn:nbn:de:bvb:703-epub-5852-8

Title data

Rustioni, Greta ; Audetat, Andreas ; Keppler, Hans:
The composition of subduction zone fluids and the origin of the trace element enrichment in arc magmas.
In: Contributions to mineralogy and petrology. Vol. 176 (2021) . - No. 51.
ISSN 1432-0967
DOI der Verlagsversion: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00410-021-01810-8

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Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
Deep Earth Volatile CyclesGRK 2156/1

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract

The partitioning of major and trace elements between eclogite and aqueous fluids with variable salinity was studied at 700–800 °C and 4–6 GPa in piston cylinder and multi anvil experiments. Fluid compositions were determined using the diamond trap technique combined with laser ablation ICP-MS measurements in the frozen state. In addition to NaCl, SiO2 is the main solute in the fluids. The fluid/eclogite partition coefficients of the large ion lithophile elements (LILE), such as Rb, Cs, Sr, and Ba as well as those of the light rare earths (LREE), of Pb, and of U increase by up to three orders of magnitude with salinity. These elements will therefore be efficiently transported by saline fluids. On the other hand, typical high field strength elements, such as Ti, Nb, and Ta, are not mobilized even at high salinities. Increasing temperature and pressure gradually increases the partitioning into the fluid. In particular, Th is mobilized by silica-rich fluids at 6 GPa already at low salinities. We show that we can fully reproduce the trace element enrichment pattern of primitive arc basalts by adding a few percent of saline fluid (with 5–10 wt% Cl) released from the basaltic slab to the zone of melting in the mantle wedge. Assuming 2 wt% of rutile in the eclogite equilibrated with the saline fluid produces a negative Nb Ta anomaly that is larger than in most primitive arc basalts. Therefore, we conclude that the rutile fraction in the subducted eclogite below most arcs is likely < 1 wt%. In fact, saline fluids would even produce a noticeable negative Nb Ta anomaly without any rutile in the eclogite residue. Metasomatism by sediment melts alone, on the other hand, is unable to produce the enrichment pattern seen in arc basalts. We, therefore, conclude that at least for primitive arc basalts, the release of hydrous fluids from the basaltic part of the subducted slab is the trigger for melting and the main agent of trace element enrichment. The contribution of sediment melts to the petrogenesis of these magmas is likely negligible. In the supplementary material, we provide a “Subduction Calculator” in Excel format, which allows the calculation of the trace element abundance pattern in primitive arc basalts as function of fluid salinity, the amount of fluid released from the basaltic part of the subducted slab, the fluid fraction added to the source, and the degree of melting.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Keywords: Subduction zone fluids; Fluid/eclogite partitioning; Arc magmas; Salinity; Trace elements; Nb Ta anomaly; Primitive arc basalts
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bavarian Research Institute of Experimental Geochemistry and Geophysics - BGI
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Language: English
Originates at UBT: Yes
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:703-epub-5852-8
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2021 08:35
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2021 08:36
URI: https://epub.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/5852

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